School of Social Sciences
Wang, Po-Chi associate professor was interviewed by UDN 2020/11/6   
Wang, Po-Chi associate professor was interviewed by UDN

The life case of a Malaysian female university scholars discuss self-defense awareness and target prevention

2020-11-06 18:20 United Daily News / Reporter Li Longkui / Taipei Real Time Report

The recent life case of the Malaysian Women’s University of Chang Jung Christian has aroused public attention. The National Chung Cheng University Crime Research Center and the Republic of China Criminology Society held a special seminar on abduction and social security this afternoon, inviting experts and scholars to discuss how to avoid similar cases in the future Happen once again.

Li,Sih-Sian, a distinguished professor of the Department of Health Promotion and Hygiene Education at National Normal University, said that there is a "frustration attack hypothesis" in psychology. Judging from several cases of social attention in recent years, many suspected mental illnesses do not seem to be "seriously ill", but rather like "character defects", which are not diseases.

Huang-Fa Teng, a professor at the Central Police University, said that after similar cases, people often treat the victims from a sympathetic perspective, but in fact, it is necessary to examine the characteristics of the victims.

In the iron triangle theory of crime, the occurrence of a crime can refer to three elements: situation, perpetrator, and victim. In this case, the situation took place in a dark place at night; although he did not dare to conclude that the perpetrator Liang was guilty of mental illness, he must have a personality defect, coupled with misconceptions, and had experience of escaping legal punishment; the victim There are characteristics such as foreign student status, faith in public security, insufficient alertness, and order. It can be said that the wrong person meets another wrong person at the wrong time and place, and the crime is killed.

Shu-Lung Yang, director of the Crime Research Center of National Chung Cheng University, said that to prevent similar kidnappings, sexual assaults and homicides, relevant personnel such as family members, neighbors, village chiefs, officials, and community security personnel must be paid attention to those with problematic behavior symptoms through a comprehensive social safety network. , Such as frequent truancy or skip work, self-isolation, silence, frequent threats or aggressive gestures. If necessary, notify the police and social workers for follow-up processing.

Sheng-Feng Dai, a professor in the Department of Crime Prevention and Control at National Chung Cheng University, said that the "Takegawa stalking murder case" occurred in Japan, and the subsequent creation and amendment of many bills have been promoted. Legalization of cases after the incident is very important.

In addition, from the perspective of the "Akihabara Murder" in Japan, the government is also critical to the detection of abnormalities caused by people moving from a stable state to an unstable state. This is the same as the police in our country can be very nervous when the masses gather. The government can also Using scientific data to detect "abnormalities", such as frequent calls from the same mobile phone, is it possible that the mobile phone owner is trying to call for help? In this way, we can grasp the possibility of a case early.

Yung-Lien Lai, chairman of the Association of Criminology of the Republic of China, said that this case is a "break through the new clothes of good public security in Taiwan." However, for the public, every time a case occurs, they call for each other to strengthen their awareness of prevention. Whether it is possible to incorporate crime prevention measures and concepts into campus general education courses in the future is an important question.

Tsai , Chun-Chang, secretary-general of the International Criminal Police Association of the Republic of China, said that foreign scholars have studied that the police are less than 10% responsible for crimes. my country’s recent culture of “changing officers after accidents” is unreasonable; There are many factors behind the problem. For example, due to the impact of the epidemic this year, the police service has become more onerous and there will be a shortage of police force.

Regarding the issue of "crisis", let alone the police, the heads of counties and cities have repeatedly chased the title of "several-star chiefs" in the eyes of the outside world. Pressure will be generated from top to bottom, but everyone dare not talk about it. To improve the problem of hiding reports, except In addition to strengthening the bottom-up review mechanism of the police and government agencies, the government still has to turn the crisis into a turning point, seize this opportunity to carefully examine the system and procedures for any problems, and stop blindly pursuing satisfaction and favorability.

Hsu, Fu-Sheng, a professor at the Central Police University, said that in fact, the public security report is still very important, otherwise it will be like after this case, the problem of not lighting the street lights will cause disharmony among government agencies. For the police agency, we should strengthen the response to " "High recidivism, low risk" cases should be handled by people with public security concerns. Performance evaluation standards should also be more diversified. In particular, police stations have heavy duties and usually accept cases. How to implement crime prevention in the area?

Wang, Po-Chi, a professor in the Department of Criminal Justice of Ming Chuan University, believes that the occurrence of this case highlights several problems, including the police’s passive attitude in handling the case, the general lack of knowledge in crime risk assessment, and the risk of wrongly convicting the suspects surnamed Liang as committing crimes; Executive Yuan Su Zhenchang’s Disrespect for the civil service system, acting arbitrarily, forming a passive service mentality for civil servants; the victim did not accept the companionship of his classmates and did not carry any self-defense, indicating a lack of awareness and preparation for victim prevention; the community lacked monitoring facilities for locations that could easily lead to crime The negligence of local governments and universities after the incident was even more distressing.

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